Kanner et al. aimed to compare two scales (major life events scale + daily hassles and uplifts scale) as predictors of psychological symptoms of stress.
Psychology: Kanner et al. 1981
Multiple choice quiz on Kanner et al. 1981 study.
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From where, in the U.S.A., were Kanner's participants from?
Question 1 Explanation:
Kanner's participants were 100 Americans from California, U.S.A.
How many males, and how many females participated in Kanner's study?
14 females, 86 males
73 males, 27 females
60 females, 40 males
52 females, 48 males
39 males, 61 females
Question 2 Explanation:
Kanner's participants were 48 males and 52 females from California.
Once a month, for 9 months...
Participants completed Major Life Events scale
Psychological symptoms of stress were measured using a biofeedback device.
Participants completed Hassles and Uplifts scale
Stress symptoms were measured using HSCH and Bradburn Morale Scale
Question 3 Explanation:
Once a month, for 9 months, participants completed the 'Hassles and Uplifts scale' and their stress symptoms were measured using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and Bradburn Morale Scale.
What design was used in Kanner et al. 1981?
Question 4 Explanation:
Kanner's study used a repeated design.
What were 3 of the top hassles reported by participants in Kanner's study?
Can't find laptop charger
Being complained to
Question 5 Explanation:
Weight, Money and Health were among the top reported hassles.
Which of these were genuine findings from Kanner's research?
The control group was less stressed by the photograph than the predictability group and no-control group.
Frequency of hassles correlated positively with stress symptoms
Both experimental groups showed improvement in stress-related illnesses such as hysteria and depression.
Daily hassles were consistent from month to month
Kanner concluded that the 'Hassles and Uplifts scale' is more effective than the 'Major Life Events' scale as a predictor of psychological stress symptoms.
Question 7 Explanation:
True! Because daily hassles occur more frequently than major life events, the 'hassles and uplifts' scale is a more powerful predictor.
Kanner's study highlights that daily hassles contribute more to stress levels than major life events. This means that Kanner's study is high in...
What is one problem with participants giving socially desirable responses in a questionnaire/interview?
Lowers validity of the research
It's very naughty
It makes the study ethnocentric
Increases the reliability of the research
Question 9 Explanation:
Participants providing socially desirable responses lowers the validity of the research.
Choose 2 examples of uplifts from the list below
Receiving good news
Having too many tasks to complete
Not getting enough sleep
Question 10 Explanation:
'Feeling joy' and 'receiving good news' are examples of uplifts.
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