Kanner et al. aimed to compare two scales (major life events scale + daily hassles and uplifts scale) as predictors of psychological symptoms of stress.
Psychology: Kanner et al. 1981
Multiple choice quiz on Kanner et al. 1981 study.
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From where, in the U.S.A., were Kanner's participants from?
Question 1 Explanation:
Kanner's participants were 100 Americans from California, U.S.A.
How many males, and how many females participated in Kanner's study?
39 males, 61 females
60 females, 40 males
14 females, 86 males
73 males, 27 females
52 females, 48 males
Question 2 Explanation:
Kanner's participants were 48 males and 52 females from California.
Once a month, for 9 months...
Stress symptoms were measured using HSCH and Bradburn Morale Scale
Participants completed Hassles and Uplifts scale
Psychological symptoms of stress were measured using a biofeedback device.
Participants completed Major Life Events scale
Question 3 Explanation:
Once a month, for 9 months, participants completed the 'Hassles and Uplifts scale' and their stress symptoms were measured using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and Bradburn Morale Scale.
What design was used in Kanner et al. 1981?
Question 4 Explanation:
Kanner's study used a repeated design.
What were 3 of the top hassles reported by participants in Kanner's study?
Being complained to
Can't find laptop charger
Question 5 Explanation:
Weight, Money and Health were among the top reported hassles.
Which of these were genuine findings from Kanner's research?
The control group was less stressed by the photograph than the predictability group and no-control group.
Daily hassles were consistent from month to month
Both experimental groups showed improvement in stress-related illnesses such as hysteria and depression.
Frequency of hassles correlated positively with stress symptoms
Kanner concluded that the 'Hassles and Uplifts scale' is more effective than the 'Major Life Events' scale as a predictor of psychological stress symptoms.
Question 7 Explanation:
True! Because daily hassles occur more frequently than major life events, the 'hassles and uplifts' scale is a more powerful predictor.
Kanner's study highlights that daily hassles contribute more to stress levels than major life events. This means that Kanner's study is high in...
What is one problem with participants giving socially desirable responses in a questionnaire/interview?
It makes the study ethnocentric
It's very naughty
Lowers validity of the research
Increases the reliability of the research
Question 9 Explanation:
Participants providing socially desirable responses lowers the validity of the research.
Choose 2 examples of uplifts from the list below
Not getting enough sleep
Receiving good news
Having too many tasks to complete
Question 10 Explanation:
'Feeling joy' and 'receiving good news' are examples of uplifts.
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